Blanket Stitch

Also called buttonhole stitch when stitches are close together

Uses: straight and curved edgings, couching, laidwork, cut work, straight and curved outlines (when worked small).

Scroll stitch

Uses: straight and curved lines with s flowing textural effect, decorative bands and borders.

Working from left to right : Needle up at 1, form a clockwise loop and hold down with your left thumb. Needle down at 2, and up at 3, pull through. Repeat. Fasten off by making a small stitch along the line.

Waste Knot

Uses: to anchor a thread at the beginning of a project. It is not the same as an away knot, as just the knot is  snipped off and the end of the thread has been incorporated in to the back of the line of stitching as one proceeds. 

Working from right to left, go down at 1, and up at 2, in the line of stitching. Begin stitching, going over the thread in the back. When the knot is reached, snip it off, that is the only waste of thread to this anchoring method.

Coral Stitch

Also called beaded stitch, German knot, knotted stitch and snail trail

Uses: straight and curved lines with a beaded effect, closely worked rows make a textured filling.

Running stitch

Uses: straight and curved lines, as a quilting stitch, in sashiko, as a gathering stitch, and as a foundation for other stitches. 

Chain Stitch

Uses: Straight and curved lines.

Bring needle up at 1 and insert in the same place bringing needle up at 2, looping thread under the needle as shown.

Insert needle in the same place as 2, inside the loop of the first stitch, looping thread beneath the needle as before, bring needle up at 3.

Repeat as required. All stitches should be the same length.

To fasten off, secure the last loop of the chain with a tiny stitch.

Away Knot & Back Stitch

Back Stitch

Uses: Straight and curved lines, and outlines, especially for cross stitch, Blackwork and Assisi.

Away knot

Uses: Starting a thread where there is no place to anchor the thread.

Away Knot

Start with an ‘away’ knot. The away knot is typically on the front of your work. Take a couple of large stitches to leave enough tail to your away knot so that you will be able to snip the knot off later and thread the needle to anchor the thread neatly in the back of your work.

away knot
Snipping off the knot .
Thread taken to the back and being woven in to finish

If you are out lining you can start by anchoring your thread in the back of what it is that you are outlining.

Back Stitch

For the back stitch, stitching left to right, come up at 1, down at 2, and up at 3. Next stitch, go down in the previous 1 , sharing the hole, up at 2 and down again at 3, and so on.

Stitched all the way around, each stitched over 4 threads in this sample, so that all of the stitches are the same size

The back of the sample

Finishing tail woven in on the back

Both tails woven in on the back

The front of the sample